Press the Bell Icon to Never Miss a Video from Testbook.com Hello Friends and Welcome to this Video! India has recently been elected as a member the UNHRC i.e. United Nations Human Rights Commission. India attained a historic win by gaining 188 votes. This will help India improve it’s International Image. In this video we will tell you about UN Human Rights Commission?, It’s Important Roles and Duties, some key rights, and India’s Laws and Articles to support Human Rights. But before the video starts, here is a question. Do you know, when is the International Human Rights Day celebrated? If you know the answer to this question, do let us know through the comments section. You will definitely get the answer in this video. Now, let us know what the United Nations Human Rights Commission is. The United Nations Established the Human Rights Commission in the year 1946. This is an essential body of the United Nations. The UNHRC consists of 47 non-permanent members who are elected for a period of 3 years. It’s headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. The Current UNHRC President is Mr. Vojislav Šuc. He belongs to Slovenia (Europe). He replaced Mr. Joaquín Alexander Maza Martelli in January 2018. Since, the HRC is a UN Body, it has been awarded with many powers and responsibilities. The HRC was established with the aim of Protecting Human Rights all over the world. It has the power to carry out an investigation anywhere in the world. For example, recently, it has started investigation in Syria regarding the chemical weapons. The HRC has the right to analyse any Human Rights Violation in the world. The main Duties of UNHRC are : Preparing Human Rights Reports, Preparing an International Bill for Human Rights, Ensuring Public Freedom, Expressing it’s views on Women Empowerment and Human Rights, Establishing World Peace, and Solving inter-country Disputes. What are the Various Important Human Rights? These days Human Right Issues are given extra importance. International Organisations and Republicans take Issues about Human Rights very seriously. Human Rights are the basic rights required by a human to live. To ensure that all the countries in the world imbibe these rights, The United Nations, soon after it’s establishment, undertook the Human Rights charter. The Public Notice released by the United Nations on 10th December 1948, at the time of HRC’s establishment, described certain Fundamental Human Rights. Every year on 10th December we celebrate World Human Rights Day. These rights are related to a person’s life, freedom, security, expression (right to speech), Judicial Freedom, Residential Freedom and the freedom to participate in the country’s Administrative System. The other are Social and Financial Rights which include, The Right to Work, The Right to with Dignity, Right to Rest, Right to Education, Right to receive equal wage for equal work done. Now lets know what are the laws for Human Rights in the Indian Constitution. The Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution are adopted from U.S.A. The part 3 of the Indian Constitution i.e. from Article 12 to Article 35, the citizens are provided with 7 Fundamental Rights. No Negative change can be applied to these Fundamental Rights. Articles 14 – 18 of the Indian Constitution state the Right to Equality. Articles 19 – 22 state the Right to Freedom. Articles 23 – 24 state the Right Against Exploitation. Articles 25 – 28 state the Right to Religious Freedom. Articles 29 – 30 state the Right to Cultural Freedom and Education Let us now know about the recent UNHRC Elections. Recently, The UN’s General Assembly had conducted Elections The reason was to discuss if India should be elected as a member of UNHRC. 18 out of 47 members of the UNHRC were to be elected. A total of 97 votes are required to win the Elections. 188 out of 193 countries voted for India in this election. Only 5 countries voted against India. This was a historic win for India. Because of this election we got to know, how countries around the world support India and how it has a positive International Image. UNHRC Term of India and the other 17 countries will start on 1st January 2019 and will continue for the next 3 years. Before this, India has twice been a UNHRC Member from 2011 to 2014 and from 2014 to 2017. This was some Detailed Information on United Nations Human Rights Commission. Do let us know about your thoughts on this video through the Comments Section. Do Like and Share this Video with your Friends. Subscribe to Testbook’s Youtube Channel and Do not Forget to Click the Bell Icon! Thank you for watching this video and All the Best!