Is DACA About to End? | NowThis

Is DACA About to End? | NowThis

Today, we know that lower court rulings brought DACA back to life,
at least a little bit. They said the Trump Administration
could not end the program and allowed DACA recipients to continue renewing their status, though no new applications
are being accepted. Now, the latest development
in the DACA narrative is that its fate will be decided by the Supreme Court this November. They agreed to hear oral arguments challenging the
termination of the program. But before we get to that, we need to do a quick
recap on what DACA is and who the Dreamers are. Essentially, DACA is the latest iteration of a nearly two-decade
movement of undocumented youth fighting for legal status
in the United States. This began in 2001, when a
bill called the DREAM Act was first proposed in Congress. And it sought to provide
a path to citizenship to a group of immigrants who entered the United States as children. – Since they arrived as kids and arrived as undocumented
with their parents, it is generally believed
that under our law, for the actions of their parents, – So, at the time, if you entered the US when you were under 16, had
been here for five years, were in school or had a
high school diploma or GED, and had no criminal record, the DREAM Act sought to provide
you a path to citizenship, on the condition that you
pursue higher education or serve in the military and maintain ‘good moral character.’ That bill didn’t pass. It actually never has. There have been at least 21 versions and revisions of the DREAM Act since 2001. But a movement did grow, one where young people, who
became known as Dreamers, garnered widespread sympathy
and bipartisan support on the premise that they were These claims, which isolated them from the larger undocumented
immigrant community, later came back to haunt them. – We created this sense
of urgency about Dreamers, but at the expense of throwing
our parents under the bus. And that was for a long
time, until we realized that, you know, you keep going, and
you see the sacrifices that many of our parents did, and seeing that, you know, just because
we’re fighting for one cause, that doesn’t mean that we
need to throw our parents under the bus. And let’s remind ourselves, like, the original Dreamers are our parents. – But we can come back to this later. The closest the bill ever
came to pass was in 2010, when it passed through the
House of Representatives, but was just five votes short
of getting through the Senate. (pensive music) And here’s where DACA comes in. – Effective immediately, the
Department of Homeland Security is taking steps to lift
the shadow of deportation from these young people. – [Kimberly] In response to
the failure of the DREAM Act to pass both houses of Congress, then-President Obama implemented DACA under an executive action in 2012. – That began the movement
that from Dreamers became the DACA movement. And it was not a full
benefit, but it was sort of, you could call it half a
loaf, in certain terminology. but enough to give people
a sense of security. – [Kimberly] It was more specifically an exercise of prosecutorial discretion. This basically means that the Department of Homeland Security would no longer initiate
the deportation of Dreamers who met a certain list of qualifications. – The basis of this is,
look, there are 11.5 million unauthorized people in the country. We don’t have the resources
to remove all of them. Therefore, it’s perfectly
logical for the administration to decide how to exercise its discretion on whom to remove and whom not to remove, establish priorities. – [Kimberly] It was no DREAM Act because it didn’t provide
any pathway to citizenship. But it did allow this group of immigrants to legally work in the US,
obtain driver’s licenses, and essentially plan their lives without the constant
threat of deportation. And for someone like Antonio, whose parents self-deported
to Mexico years ago, it meant something more. – I was able to travel and see my family after two years of being
separated from them. I think that was beautiful for my family to at least have some time together. – Naturally, however, not
everyone was happy with the news. – The Constitution is at stake. – There was an example of President Obama’s executive overreach. – The president does not
have legislative authority. – [Kimberly] Still, in 2014, the Obama Administration
took a political risk and announced it would try to create a second deferred action program that would offer similar protections to the undocumented parents of US citizens and permanent residents. This program became known as DAPA. This matters because
ultimately a federal judge issued a preliminary injunction to DACA on the basis that it was illegal and that the Obama Administration does not have the executive authority to implement these programs
as executive actions. This was later upheld by a 4-4 tie vote in the Supreme Court. – In a divided Supreme Court, the underlying decision
therefore stays. No opinion was issued on it. We have no idea how the
eight judges stood on that. – [Kimberly] And that split decision has called into question the constitutionality of the DACA program and set the stage for where
we find ourselves today. In 2017, several states threatened to sue the Trump Administration
if it did not end DACA, which they say is unlawful,
and the administration gave in. – As attorney general, it is my duty to ensure that the laws
of the United States are enforced and that the
constitutional order is upheld. – [Kimberly] But the decision
was met by multiple lawsuits across the country, which
resulted in several injunctions by US district courts. The injunctions blocked the
termination of the program and so, slightly revived DACA. Antonio is among the plaintiffs
on one of these lawsuits. – Personally, for me to get
involved in the lawsuit, it meant, you know, that I was doing the right thing. I think I grew up where
I come from a family with a lot of values,
and one of their values is you always have to do the right thing. And for me, understanding
that this was the right thing gave me that push for
me to join the lawsuit. I have seen many injustices. I have seen my parents suffer
a lot when they were here. So, for me, it was like, let
me do it for my community, let me do it for my parents, who sacrificed so much for
me to be in this country. So, this is the least I
can do for my community. – DACA recipients were allowed to continue to renew their
status every two years, but new applications would
no longer be accepted. But the government then
petitioned the Supreme Court to review the cases, even before appeals courts could weigh in. Although they initially
put the petitions on hold, in June 2019, the Supreme
Court agreed to hear three consolidated cases from New York, the District of Columbia, and California, And they’ll tackle two questions: one, whether the government’s
decision to end DACA can be reviewed by courts at all, and then, based on that,
whether the decision is legal. (pensive music) DACA would be wound down, where renewals would
no longer be accepted and DACA would expire when your individual two-year
work permits expired. DACA wins completely. New applications will be accepted
and renewals can continue. And something we didn’t touch on is that they can reapply
for advance parole, which allows DACA recipients
to travel outside the country. DACA can partially win, which means it would
essentially stay as is; no new applications,
but continued renewals. – If [Chief Justice Roberts] thinks that the votes
are going the other way on the legality, he may say, ‘Let’s not have a divisive court. Let’s really send it back to
the federal district court. Nothing to be lost in the meantime. The kids remain protected and
let Congress deal with it.’ That’s also a possibility. – The decision won’t actually
be known until next year, between January and May of 2020. Only the hearings will
take place in November, so it’s actually important for current DACA recipients to know that they should renew their
applications by December, no matter how much time they have left on their current permits. This way, if DACA is
partially lost and wound down, they have the maximum amount
of time left on their permits. However, if the court rules in the Trump Administration’s favor, nearly 700,000 DACA recipients
will essentially end up in the same place as they were
before Obama’s 2012 action, with the future of millions
of undocumented immigrants remaining in uncertainty. – Whether we win this DACA fight or lose, I think we need to acknowledge
for the power and resilience that our parents have taught
us over the last few years. – Antonio says Dreamers are ready to fight for the rights of all immigrants and not repeat the same
mistakes of their past. – I think something for us
that we were able to realize over the last few years is that, you know, we shouldn’t be sacrificing our dignity
for a piece of paper. I think our dignity and our human capacity goes beyond of a nine-digit
piece of plastic. I think something that we’re
fighting at the end of the day is more for the respect and dignity that our ancestors taught us how to fight. – Although Trump has tweeted that he would be open to a bipartisan deal if the Supreme Court rules in his favor, we’ll just have to wait and see. (pensive music)

7 thoughts on “Is DACA About to End? | NowThis

  1. President Donald Trump did not abolish DACA he allowed it to expire. That’s right President Barack Obama had an expiration date on DACA thinking that Hillary Clinton would extend DACA. DACA is an executive order that any new president can ether extend or allow it to expire. President Donald Trump allowed DACA to expire. This case is a slam dunk it should be a 9 to 0 ruling in favor of President Donald Trump in the Supreme Court. No judge can issue a court order requiring a sitting president to extend a executive order. If Donald Trump will cleanout illegal aliens and revoke anchor babies citizenships from Los Angeles and the United States then ship them back to their home countries it will do a lot to help Los Angeles and the United States. It will solve the homeless crisis and youth unemployment. What we need is mandatory nationwide E-Verify is needed and all states.

  2. This was very informative I had never heard of DACA until now. I hope that Antonio as well as many others continue to fight for immigrant status and continue working on this fight for the rights of human man kind all over. This is a serious issue many lives are at stake.

  3. "I come from a family with a lot of values, which means you always have to do the right thing"

    Says the DACA recipient, whose parents did the right thing by breaking immigration law???

  4. It’s sickening just to know that they got and get more aid than I got as American born below poverty growing up! This is just a way for illegal immigrants to be able to vote for the low down democrats that give for votes! They can’t get votes without holding something over the weaker minded sheep!

  5. I can only imagine if obama called a foreign governent to spy on a presidential republican candidate. I wonder if republicans would try to impeach him.

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