The Council (of the European Union) explained


welcome to the Council of the European
Union also known as the Council of Ministers or simply as the Council and
definitely not to be confused with the European Council all the Council of
Europe confused yet well so is everybody else the council functions as the
representation of the governments of the Member States and consists of 28
ministers one from each member state as each country has multiple ministers each
with its own portfolio the council while officially a single entity meets in 10
different compositions depending on the subject being discussed for example all
national ministers responsible for agriculture and fishery policy come
together in the EU s agriculture and fishery Council and here
we have an EU complication as some council configurations encompass the
portfolio of multiple national ministers in case of some EU kinds of
configurations some member states sent more than one minister each of these
councils is chaired by the minister whose country holds two rotating council
presidency but the EU wouldn’t be itself if there wasn’t an exception by
discussing Foreign Affairs the counts was always chaired by the High
Representative of the EU the council makes decisions by qualified majority
which means that to make a decision it must be supported by the ministers of
55% of the countries representing at least 65% of the EU population but this
qualified majority can force its will on a protesting minority for countries
representing at least 35% of the population can block a decision by
voting against it and we have another exception when making decisions on one
of these subjects qualified majority is not enough but instead unanimity is
needed why because these are subjects that lie at the heart of state
sovereignty and member states prefer to keep these matters on an
intergovernmental level rather than handing these powers over to EU in
practice however the council tries to read you a limite not only on these
subjects but also on subjects that only require a qualified majority as a result
that tend to be very few votes against or abstentions so if your national
minister says Brussels to sign it remember they were
there and they had a vote due to the sharing of the legislative and budgetary
powers with Parliament the decision only passes when Parliament also signs off on
it except in the case of the subjects mentioned before but the council must
decide with unanimity in those cases Parliament’s approval is not needed in
all this the ministers who sit in the council are supported by the General
Secretariat and a committee of permanent representatives the General Secretariat
functions as a general supporting staff preparing meetings drafting reports
agendas and so on they are civil servants of the EU and do not represent
an individual member state court pair and contrast is composed of
representatives from the states themselves such as ambassadors and
national civil servants they prepare the work of the ministers taking seat in the
council and when a council shares power with Parliament or a pair works with
them so what is it the cancer really does with the support of Cory bear and
the General Secretariat there are a few main tasks the council is responsible
for all proposals for new EU law must be checked by the council the counts may
then choose to approve amend or reject it as such two counts who can stop
almost every new law from being implemented like new legislation the EU
budget must be approved by the council before money can be spent while this
power is shared with Parliament they don’t really share it fairly
if the council and Parliament can seem to agree Parliament can cast the
deciding vote effectively disregarded the counters opinion beside its normal
legal instruments the council also decides on the e use common foreign and
security policy or CF SP which the high representative then carries out the
council decides on leading principles and guidelines for the CF SP as well as
on common strategies that the EU will follow based on these leading principles
and guidelines the council then adopts joint actions aimed at specific
situations where the EU actions are deemed necessary and it adopts common
positions which cover more general geographical and thematical areas and
form general guidelines that the member states must conform to
the council consists of usually 28 but sometimes more national ministers each
working for and representing their own country depending on the topic disgusts
the ministers making up the council change the ministers are supported both
by EU and national civil servants just like Parliament the council votes on new
laws as well as the EU budget to find out more about it other institutions the
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